Children's Encyclopedia Selection. Related subjects: Years
|Centuries:||17th century - 18th century - 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s - 1750s - 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1752 1753 1754 - 1755 - 1756 1757 1758|
Year 1755 (MDCCLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1755
January - June
- January 25 - Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.
- February 13 - The kingdom of Mataram on Java is divided in two, creating the sultanate of Yogyakarta and the sunanate of Surakarta.
- February 20 - General Braddock lands in Virginia to take command of the British forces against the French in North America.
- April 15 - A Dictionary of the English Language is published by Samuel Johnson; he had begun the work 9 years earlier, in 1746.
July - December
- July 9 - French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition - British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat inflicted by French and Indian forces. During the battle, British General Edward Braddock is mortally wounded. Colonel George Washington survives.
- July 17 - In a convoy of ships from Great Britain, returning to India for the East India Company, the lead ship Dodington wrecks at Port Elizabeth, losing a chest of gold coins from Robert Clive, worth L33000. In 1998, 1400 coins were offered for sale, and in 2002 a portion was given to the South African government.
- July 25 - The decision to deport the Acadians was made during meetings of the Nova Scotia Council meeting in Halifax. Beginning in September of 1755 and continuing to June of 1763 the vast majority of Acadians were deported to one of the following British Colonies in America; Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina and Georgia. Contrary to popular belief, no Acadians were sent to Louisiana. Those sent Virginia were refused and were then sent on to Liverpool, Bristol, Southampton and Penn-ryn (Falmouth) in England. In 1758 the Fortress of Louisbourg fell and all of the civilian population of Isle Royal (Cape Breton Island) and Isle St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) were repatriated to France. Among them were several thousand Acadians who had escaped the deportation by fleeing into those areas.Very few Acadians successfully escaped the deportation and did so only by fleeing into some of the northern sections of present day New Brunswick. The event inspired Longfellow to write the epic poem Evangeline.
- August - Beginning of the Great Expulsion of the Acadians.
- November 1 - 1755 Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing 60,000 - 90,000 people.
- November 18 - An earthquake occurs in the vicinity of Cape Ann, Massachusetts, causing extensive damage.
- December 2 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire.
- Wolsey the clothes manufacturer was established in Leicester; the business celebrated its 250th anniversary in 2005.
- Construction of the Puning Temple complex in Chengde, China is complete, during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
|Ab urbe condita||2508|
|Bahá'í calendar||-89 – -88|
— to —4392/4452-11-29
|Coptic calendar||1471 – 1472|
|Ethiopian calendar||1747 – 1748|
|Hebrew calendar||5515 – 5516|
|- Vikram Samvat||1810 – 1811|
|- Shaka Samvat||1677 – 1678|
|- Kali Yuga||4856 – 4857|
|Iranian calendar||1133 – 1134|
|Islamic calendar||1168 – 1169|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōreki 5
|Thai solar calendar||2298|
- January 11 - Alexander Hamilton, first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (most cited date of birth) (died 1804)
- February 11 - Albert Christoph Dies, German composer (died 1822)
- April 3 - Simon Kenton, Frontiersman; Revolutionary Militia General (died 1836)
- April 16 - Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun, French painter (died 1842)
- May 21 - Alfred Moore, American judge (died 1810)
- June 6 - Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, writer and patriot (died 1776)
- June 30 - Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (died 1829)
- September 9 - Benjamin Bourne, American politician (died 1808)
- September 24 - John Marshall, American jurist (died 1835)
- November 2 - Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (died 1793)
- November 12 - Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (died 1813)
- November 17 - Louis XVIII of France
- November 17 - Charles Manners-Sutton, Archbishop of Canterbury (died 1828)
- February 10 - Montesquieu, French writer (born 1689)
- February 11 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (born 1675)
- March 2 - Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (born 1675)
- April 6 - Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (born 1690)
- June 26 - Iyasu II of Ethiopia, Emperor of Ethiopia (born c. 1723)
- July 13 - Edward Braddock, British general (born c. 1695)
- August 13 - Francesco Durante, Italian composer (born 1684)
- September 8 - Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (born 1715)
- September 9 - Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (born 1694)
- October 16 -Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (born 1725)
- October 22 - Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (born 1694)
- November 25 - Johann Georg Pisendel, German musician (born 1687)
- December 1 - Maurice Greene, English composer (born 1696)